Settore ERC

PE10_1 - Atmospheric chemistry, atmospheric composition, air pollution
PE10_9 - Biogeochemistry, biogeochemical cycles, environmental chemistry
PE10_10 - Mineralogy, petrology, igneous petrology, metamorphic petrology
PE10_11 - Geochemistry, crystal chemistry, isotope geochemistry, thermodynamics


The Mineralogy and X-ray diffraction lab group explores the crystal chemical and physical behaviour of minerals and their synthetic analogues in the environment, with a focus on sustainable practices and material sciences. Besides, the X-ray laboratory offers a service for analysis of crystallographic samples to researchers in broad sense, and to the external committents.

The X-ray Diffraction Laboratory is currently equipped with a Bruker D2 PHASER diffractometer.

D2 BRUKER.JPG upload_Cattura2.JPG

The technical charachteristics are:

Geometry:  Theta/Theta
Max. useable angular range: -3 to 160° 2theta
Accuracy: ±0.02°
Achievable peak width: <0.05°
Alignement: not needed, factory aligned
X-ray wavelength: Cu, standard ceramic selected tube
X-ray generation: 30 kV/10 mA
Radiation level: <<1mSv/h
Detector: 1-dimentional LYNXEYE
Sample motion: spinner
Instrument type: portable, desktop
Exterior dimension: 61x60x70 cm
Weight: 95kg
Power supply: 90-250V
External cooling water supply: None
Computer: Built in, addition PC connected with LAN
Interface: 2 USB and 1 LAN


Experimental analyses are aimed at identifying crystalline phases in pure materials and complex mixtures; semi-quantitative estimates and quantification of identified components can be made by means of several methodological approaches, including the Rietveld method. In particular typical uses of the D2 PHASER can be:

  • Geological material identification
  • Characterization of synthetic materials
  • Clay minerals
  • Pigments identification and quantification
  • Cement phases quantification
  • Crystal structure refinement
  • Pharmaceuticals


The DIFFRAC.SUITE software package - provides wide opportunities of automated pre-processing of powder diffraction data collected on a Bruker diffractometer and qualitative and quantitative phase analysis; clarification of some of the structural characteristics of the material, such as unit cell parameters, etc.

The GSAS-EXPGUI software is a powerful way of full-profile analysis by the Rietveld method, which allows specifying the structure of known substances as well as solving and refining structures of the new compounds and minerals according to the powder diffraction data.


Facility access

To request the opportunity to register on calendar (username and password) or to plan long period of measurement please contact Prof. Mario Tribaudino

X-ray lab calendar

 XRD rules and cost

Regolamento del laboratorio




Prodotti della ricerca


Petriglieri J.R., Laporte-Magoni C., Gunkel-Grillon P., Tribaudino M., Bersani D., Sala O., Le Mestre M., Vigliaturo R., Bursi Gandolfi N., Salvioli-Mariani E. (2019) Mineral fibres and environmental monitoring: a comparison of different analytical strategies in New Caledonia, Geoscience Frontiers

Sinisi V., Pelagatti P., Carcelli M., Migliori A., Mantovani L., Righi L., Leonardi G., Pietarinen S., Hubsch C., and Rogolino D. (2018). A green approach to copper-containing pesticides: antimicrobial and antifungal activity of brochantite supported on lignin for the development of bio-based plant protection products. ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering. (DOI:10.1021/acssuschemeng.8b05135)

Tribaudino M., Gatta GD, Aliatis I, Bersani D, Lottici PP. (2018) Al/Si ordering in albite: A combined single‐crystal X‐ray diffraction and Raman spectroscopy study. Journal of Raman Spectroscopy, 49, 2028-2035.

Delmonte D., Gori C., Lambruschi E., Mantovani L., Mezzadri F., Bersani D., Lottici P.P., Giglioli E., Solzi M., Tribaudino, M. (2018). A comprehensive study of the magnetic properties of the pyroxenes series CaMgSi2O6-Co2Si2O6 as a function of Co content. Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter. (DOI: 10.1088/1361-648X/aaca0e)

Gori C., Mantovani L., Tribaudino M., Zanelli C., Dondi M. (2018) Colour of Ca (Co x Mg 1-x) Si 2 O 6 pyroxenes and their technological behaviour as ceramic colorants. Ceramics International, 44, 12745-12753.

Bersani D., Aliatis I., Tribaudino M., Mantovani L., Benisek A., Carpenter M. A., Gatta G.D., Lottici P. P. (2018) Plagioclase composition by Ra[1]man spectroscopy, Journal of Raman Spectroscopy, 49, 684-698.

Mantovani L., Tribaudino M., Solzi M., Barraco V., De Munari E., Pironi C. (2018) Magnetic and SEM-EDS analyses of Tilia cordata leaves and PM10 filters as a complementary source of information on polluted air: Results from the city of Parma (Northern Italy), Environmental Pollution, 239, 777-787

Romeo E., Mantovani L., Tribaudino M., Montepara A. (2018) Reuse of stabilized municipal solid waste incinerator fly ash in asphalt mixtures, Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, 30,04018157

Funari V., Mantovani L., Vigliotti L., Tribaudino M., Dinelli E., Braga R. (2018) Superparamagnetic iron oxides nanoparticles from municipal solid waste incinerators, Science of The Total Environment, 621, 687-696.

Gori C., Tribaudino M., Mezzadri F., Skogby H., Hålenius U. (2018) Co2+-doped diopside: crystal structure and optical properties. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, 45, 443-461

Tribaudino M., Mantovani L., Mezzadri, F., Calestani G., G. Bromiley (2018) The structure of P21/c Ca0.2Co0.8CoSi2O6 pyroxene and the C2/c-P21/c phase transition in natural and synthetic Ca, Mg, Fe2+ pyroxenes, Mineralogical Magazine, 82(1), 211-228.

Tribaudino M., Aliatis I., Bersani D., Gatta G.D., Lambruschi E., Mantovani L., Redhammer G. J., Lottici P. P. (2017) High-pressure Raman spectroscopy of Ca(Mg,Co)Si2O6 and Ca(Mg,Co)Ge2O6 clinopyroxenes, Journal of Raman Spectroscopy, 48, 1443-1448.

Stangarone C., Böttger U., Bersani D., Tribaudino M., Prencipe M. (2017) Ab intio simulations and experimental Raman Spectra of Mg2SiO4 forsterite to simulate Mars surface environmental conditions. Journal of Raman Spectroscopy, 48, 1528-1535

Aliatis I., Lambruschi E., Mantovani L., Bersani D., Gatta G.D., Tribaudino M., Lottici P.P. (2017) High-pressure Raman Spectroscopy on low albite, Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, 44, 213-220.

Gori C., Tribaudino M., Mantovani L., Gatta G. D., Delmonte D., Gilioli E., Mezzadri F., Calestani G. (2017) Synthesis and crystal structure of C2/c Ca(Co,Mg)Si2O6 pyroxenes: effect of the cationic substitution on the cell volume, Mineralogical Magazine, 81(5), 1129-1139.

Mantovani L., Tribaudino M., Facchinetti G. (2016) A mineralogical approach to the authentication of an archaeological artefact: Real ancient bronze from Roman Age or fake? Journal of Cultural Heritage, 21, 876-880.

Stangarone C., Tribaudino M., Prencipe M., Lottici P.P. (2016) Raman modes in Pbca enstatite (Mg2Si2O6): an assignment by quantum mechanical calculation to interpret experimental results. Journal of Raman Spectroscopy, 47, 1257-1258

Iezzi G., Bromiley G.D., Cavallo A., Das Partha P., Karavassili F., Margiolaki I., Stewart A. A., Tribaudino M., Wright J. P. (2016) Solid solution along the synthetic LiAlSi2O6 (spodumene) – LiFeSi2O6 (ferri-spodumene) join: a general picture of solid solutions, bond lengths, lattice strains, steric effects, symmetries and chemical compositions of Li clinopyroxenes. American Mineralogist, 101, 2498-2513


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