• heating/freezing stage LINKAM THMSG 600 (temperature range  -180°/600°C) with software Linksys 32
  • heating/freezing stage LINKAM THM 600 (temperature range  from -180°/600°C) with camera, video and video recording system 



  • N° 2 heating stages LINKAM TS 1500 and LINKAM TH 1500 (temperature range 20-1500°C)

 upload_upload_P1020562a1.JPG upload_P1020565.JPG upload_P1020566.JPG


  • crushing stage




Fluids and/or liquids trapped in the minerals during their growth (primary inclusions) or in a later time as a result of opening and healing of fractures (pseudosecondary and secondary inclusions).



From the microthermometric data it is possible to know: 

  • Composition of the fluid
  • Density of the fluid
  • Trapping temperature and pressure of the fluid/liquid in the mineral

 The fluid composition and density are needed to obtain the trapping conditions (temperature and pressure) of the fluids by softwares that use the MRK equation of states.

 The data obtained from fluid inclusion study are used in many investigation fields.


Examples of fluid inclusions

upload_Incl_Jumilla_1b_ap.jpg upload_CO2a_antartide.jpg upload_3a-3_3_tipo_3_e_2b_CO2_CH4_hond.jpg

Salt inclusions and carbonatic melt inclusions

upload_melt_salino_1_jum.jpg upload_melt_salino2_jum.jpg upload_JM1_tipo2_rosaria_7_27_carbJacu.JPG

Silicate melt inclusions


Prodotti della ricerca

Salvioli-Mariani E., Toscani L., Boschetti T., Bersani D., Mattioli M. (2015) - Gold mineralisations in the Canan area, Lepaguare District, east-central Honduras: Fluid inclusions and geochemical constraints on gold deposition. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 158, 243-256

Ferrero S., Bartoli O., Cesare B., Salvioli-Mariani E., Acosta-Vigil A., Cavallo A., Groppo G., Battiston S. (2012): Microstructures of melt inclusions in anatectic metasedimentary rocks. J. Metamorphic Geol., 30, 303-322

Salvioli-Mariani E., Toscani L., Bersani D., Oddone M., Cancelliere R. (2012): Late veins of C3 carbonatite intrusion from Jacupiranga complex (Southern Brazil): fluid and melt inclusions and mineralogy. Miner. Petrol., 104 (1-2), 95-114 

Cesare B., Ferrero S., Salvioli Mariani E., Pedron D., Cavallo A. (2009): Nanogranite and glassy inclusions: the anatectic melt in migmatites and granulites. Geology, 37, 627-630

Salvioli Mariani E., Renzulli A., Serri G., Holm P.M., Toscani L. (2005): Glass-bearing crustal xenoliths (buchites) erupted during the recent activity of Stromboli (Aeolian Islands). Lithos,  81, 255-277

Salvioli Mariani E., Toscani L., Bersani D. (2004): Magmatic evolution of the Gaussberg lamproite (Antartica): volatile content and glass composition. Min. Mag., 68(1), 83-100 

Salvioli Mariani E., Mattioli M., Renzulli A., Serri G. (2002): Silicate melt inclusions in the cumulate minerals of gabbroic nodules from Stromboli Volcano (Aeolian Islands, Italy): main components of the fluid phase and crystallization temperatures. Min. Mag., 66 (6), 969-984

Salvioli Mariani E., Venturelli G. (1996): Temperature of crystallization and evolution of the Jumilla and Cancarix lamproites (SE Spain) as suggested by melt and solid inclusions in minerals. Eur. J. Miner., 8 (5), 1027-1039

Venturelli G., Salvioli Mariani E., Toscani L., Barbieri M., Gorgoni C. (1993): Post-magmatic apatite+hematite+carbonate assemblage in the Jumilla lamproites. A fluid inclusion and isotope study. Lithos, 30, 139-150 


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