GENIORS - Strategie Integrate per il Riciclo del Combustibile Nucleare per Reattori di IV Generazione

GENIORS - GEN IV integrated oxide fuels recycling strategies

Progetti europei
Programma di ricerca
H2020 RIA
Ente finanziatore
European Commission
01/06/2017 - 31/05/2021
Casnati Alessandro

Aree / Gruppi di ricerca

Partecipanti al progetto

Descrizione del progetto

The current open nuclear fuel cycle uses only a few percent of the energy contained in uranium. This efficiency can
be greatly improved through the recycling of spent fuel (as done today in France for instance), including, in the longer
term, multi-recycling strategies to be deployed in fast reactors. In this context, GENIORS addresses research and
innovation in fuel cycle chemistry and physics for the optimisation of fuel design in line with the strategic research
and innovation agenda and deployment strategy of SNETP, notably of its ESNII component. GENIORS focuses on
reprocessing and fuel manufacture of MOX fuel potentially containing minor actinides, which would be reference fuel
for the ASTRID and ALFREDO demonstrators.
More specifically, GENIORS will carry out research and innovation for developing compatible techniques for
dissolution, reprocessing and manufacturing of innovative oxide fuels, potentially containing minor actinides, in a
“fuel to fuel” approach taking into account safety issues under normal and mal-operation. It also considers the impacts
of these strategies on the interim storage. For delivering a full picture of a MOX fuel cycle, GENIORS will work in
close collaboration with the INSPYRE project on oxide fuels performance.
By implementing a three step approach (reinforcement of the scientific knowledge => process development and
testing => system studies, safety and integration), GENIORS will lead to the provision of more science-based
strategies for nuclear fuel management in the EU.
It will allow nuclear energy to contribute significantly to EU energy independence. In the longer term, it will facilitate
the management of ultimate radioactive waste by reducing its volume and radio-toxicity.
At the longer term, a better understanding of a spent nuclear properties and behavior, at each step of the cycle
will increase the safety of installations for interim storage during normal operation but also hypothetical accident

Risultati e pubblicazioni

Mossini, Eros, Macerata, Elena, Wilden, Andreas, Kaufholz, Peter, Modolo, Giuseppe, Iotti, Nicolò, Casnati, Alessandro, Geist, Andreas, Mariani, Mario (2018)
Optimization and Single-Stage Centrifugal Contactor Experiments with the Novel Hydrophilic Complexant PyTri-Diol for the i-SANEX Process.

Ossola, Annalisa, Macerata, Elena, Mossini, Eros, Giola, Marco, Gullo, Maria Chiara, Arduini, Arturo, Casnati, Alessandro, Mariani, Mario (2018)
2,6-Bis(1-alkyl-1H-1,2,3-triazol-4-yl)-pyridines: selective lipophilic chelating ligands for minor actinides.

Wagner, Christoph, Mossini, Eros, Macerata, Elena, Mariani, Mario, Arduini, Arturo, Casnati, Alessandro, Geist, Andreas, Panak, Petra J (2017)
Time-Resolved Laser Fluorescence Spectroscopy Study of the Coordination Chemistry of a Hydrophilic CHON [1,2,3-Triazol-4-yl]pyridine Ligand with Cm(III) and Eu(III).

Macerata, Elena, Mossini, Eros, Scaravaggi, Stefano, Mariani, Mario, Mele, Andrea, Panzeri, Walter, Boubals, Nathalie, Berthon, Laurence, Charbonnel, Marie Christine, Sansone, Francesco, Arduini, Arturo, Casnati, Alessandro (2016)
Hydrophilic Clicked 2,6-Bis-Triazolyl-pyridines Endowed with High Actinide Selectivity and Radiochemical Stability: Toward a Closed Nuclear Fuel Cycle.

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